Emilia Brewer
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The National Society of Hypnosis, Psychotherapy & Mindfulness
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) in Aylesbury, Milton Keynes, Amersham and Buckinghamshire

CBT Cognitive Behavioural Therpay is known as insight-focused therapy, which emphasis changing negative thoughts and maladaptive beliefs into more positive and reality based ones. It was chosen by the National Health Service as the main treatment for moderate and severe depression, anxiety and panic attacks.The main idea of CBT is: how we think influences how we feel, and how we feel influences how we behave and how we behave influences how we live our lives and the choices we make. Clients who have depressive negative thinking and unhealthy beliefs are limited by these. Working on improving their thinking style, clients can help themselves feel better and become more skilled at coping with real life problems that might have triggered the depressed feeling in the first place. With CBT, a client needs to learn to think as objectively and constructively as possible, and only then they can make a change.

The therapist assists the client in challenging or disputing their irrational thinking, and helps the client to think in a different way or have a look at the situation they find themselves in from a different perspective of thinking.  This can be achieved by “Socratic questioning”, where open questions such as, ‘What is the worst that could happen?’ Is there another way of looking at this situation?’ are asked. The client is encouraged to use Thought Diaries and ABC forms to identify activating events and the negative thoughts and beliefs, then the therapist helps the client to practise new thought process and check thinking out against evidence.

For a client to make a change they firstly need to acknowledge they are responsible for creating their own emotional problems, take responsibility and ownership and recognise that they can change the way they live and the way they think about situations. Secondly accept that they have the ability to change disturbances significantly.  Have a belief that if they can have a different view of life, they can live life differently. Thirdly recognise that emotional problems stem from irrational beliefs so that those emotional problems sad, angry, unhappy could come from irrational beliefs.  Lastly they need to have the ability to clearly perceive these ideas and beliefs and see the value in disrupting defeating beliefs. In order to counteract irrational beliefs, dysfunctional feelings and any associated behaviour, the person must desire change, which is a key foundation to any therapy. In other words, they have to make the change themselves and keep repeating the new ideas until it becomes their second nature.





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